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The settlement and the tombs of the strata c–a/1 of area F/I – stratum a

by Karin Kopetzky
  In the first part of the Hyksos period (ph. a/2) (pic. 1) a temple was constructed in this area. Traces of the foundation walls of a temple as well as many offering pits in front of it have been discovered [1].
The main part of the settlement of this and the following phases have been ploughed away by intensive farming. Only the burials, once dug in from this layer, have been preserved (pic. 2).
pic. 1   pic. 2
  Shaft burials from a much later period of utilisation have been uncovered in phase a/1 (pic. 3).
Most of the tombs contained one, or in rare cases, two burials, which were laid in a lateral niche at the base of the shaft. Based on burial goods made of iron, a dating into the Late Period is suggested, when objects made of this metal become more common in the Nile Delta [2] (pic. 4).
pic. 3   pic. 4
  [1] V. MÜLLER, Offering Practices in the Temple Courts of Tell el-Dabca and the Levant, CChEM 3 (2002), 277.
[2] J. OGDEN, Metals, in: P. NICHOLSON and I. SHAW (eds.), Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology, Cambridge 2000, 168.
Bagh, T.
The Beginning of the Middle Bronze Age in Egypt and the Levant. A Study of the so-called Levantine Painted Ware and Related Painted Pottery Styles of the Beginning of the Middle Bronze Age Focusing on Chronology, Dissertation, Kopenhagen 2000.
Bietak, M.
Servant Burials in the Middle Bronze Age Culture of the Eastern Nile Delta, EI 20 (1989), 30*–43*.
Avaris. The Capital of the Hyksos. Recent Excavations at Tell el-Dabca, Dorset 1996.
Bietak, M. und Hein, I.
Pharaonen und Fremde. Dynastien im Dunkel, Ausstellungskatalog des Historischen Museums der Stadt Wien, Wien 1994.
Czerny, E.
Tell el-Dabca IX. Eine Plansiedlung des frühen Mittleren Reiches, UZK XV Wien, 1999.
Kopetzky, K.
Die Datierung der Gräber der Grabungsfläche F/I von Tell el-Dabca anhand der Keramik. Unveröffentl. Diplomarbeit,
Wien 1993.
The MB II B-Corpus of the Hyksos Period at Tell el-Dabca, in: M. BIETAK und E. Czerny (eds.), The Bronze Age in Lebanon. Studies on the Archaeology and Chronology of Lebanon, Syria and Egypt, CChEM, Wien (im Druck).
Maguire, L.C.,
The Circulation of Cypriote Pottery in the Middle Bronze Age. Vienna (in prep.)
Müller, V.,
Offering Practices in the Temple Courts of Tell el-Dabca and the Levant, CChEM 3 (2002).
Schiestl, R.,
Die Palastnekropole von Tell el-Dabca. Die Gräber der Straten d/2 und d/1 des Areals F/I. Dissertation, Wien 2003.